The Greco-Persian Wars (also often called the Persian Wars) were a series of conflicts between the Achaemenid Empire and Greek city-states that started in 499 BC and lasted until 449 BC. Subsequently, the Persians suffered many defeats at the hands of the Greeks, led by the Athenians. Wars Described by ancient writer Thucydides as ‘a man who showed an unmistakable natural genius… and deserves our admiration’, Themistocles was the most influential leader of the Athenian war effort against the Persians. The invasion was an immediate call to the defeat of the first Persian war of Greece that lasted from 492 BC to 490 BC at the Battle of Marathon. Brainly User Brainly User Cyrus the GreatThis was the leader of the Persian empire in 548 BCE.BabyloniaThe Persians conquered this Mesopotamian civilization:SatrapiesDarius divided the Persian empire into 23 of these territories … Why was Greek victory in Persian Wars so important to not only Greeks, but Americans as well . This would prov… Each contributing factor was to play a distinctive and pivotal role See answer claudiaocampo3662 is waiting for your help. Add your answer and earn points. The Battle. The Persian Empire was the largest and most powerful empire in the world at the time of the Persian Wars. The Greeks owe their naval success to a man named Themistocles. Not only, it was used for cultural reasons as well. The Greek triumph ensured the survival of Greek culture and political structures long after the demise of the Persian empire. The Delian Leagues led by Athens was formed afterwards to protect Greece from further Persian Invasion. Herodotus in his narrative has... ...------------------------------------------------- Make a judgement based on outcome, results and values. Athens, and other Greek cities, sent aid, but were quickly forced to back down after defeat in 494 BCE. We Can Help!" The Battle of Salamis was a turning point in the war as the Persian fleet was largely destroyed. Victory & Defeat in the Greek World Ch. The Greek victory over the Persians in the Persian Wars cannot be attributed to only one factor, more it was a commixture of factors. Add your answer and earn points. Assess the reasons for the Greek victory over the Persians in 490 to 480/479 BC. The wars with Greece and Persia were a result due to rebellion, but who won the war? Themistocles possessed an incredible foresight and began to prepare against the inevitable Persian invasion early on, his political leadership to a domestic level in Athens contributed to the state’s naval strength, and similarly, his political leadership in the conception of a united Greek defence was a significant achievement. They controlled land that stretched from Egypt all the way to India. Battle of Plataea. yes indeed Votes: 12 46.2% negatory Votes: 14 53.8% Total voters 26; Status Closed Prev. What were the reasons for the Greek victory over the Persian forces? And, as they were hoplites (heavy infantry), their armour was extremely heavy, and very, very hot. foresight and strategies of a respectable, wealthy Athenian, The battle of Thermopylae in year 480 BCE was a major part in the Greek victory of the Graeco-persian wars and for the battle of Greece as an independent nation leading to the Greek golden age and Hellenism forever changing the western world and its culture. The second Persian war was a war of much significance to European history. The main reason that the Greeks were able to win the Second Greco-Persian War was the fact that their victory on the sea dealt a crippling blow to the land army. The Athenians, who would dominate Greece culturally and politically through the fifth century BCE., regarded the wars against Persia as their greatest and most defining moment. "Reasons For Greek Victory During The Persian Wars" Essays and Research Papers . His failure is largely attributed to the Beginning in 449 BCE, the Persians attempted to aggravate the growing tensions between Athens and Sparta, and would even bribe politicians to achieve these aims. Persian ruler, Xerxes, fuelled by his father Darius' past defeats, The Persian Wars refers to the conflict between Greece and Persia in the 5th century BCE which involved two invasions by the latter in 490 and 480 BCE. A brilliant and powerful Persian king, he enlarged nearby islands and united them into one empire. Athenian democracy ensured that talented individuals rose to positions of power and influence such as Miltiades and Themistocles. The Persian Wars began in 499 BCE, when Greeks in the Persian-controlled territory rose in the Ionian Revolt. though was unsuccessful. the most ... By the time of the Persian Gulf War in 1991, laser guided bombs were in widespread use. Start studying Greece 1.1: The Persian Wars. The battle also showed the Greeks that they were able to win battles without the Spartans, as Sparta was seen as the major military force in Greece. Cyrus was able to create a vast empire that would last more than two hundred years. The collision between the fractious political world of the Greeks and the enormous empire of the Persians began when Cyrus the Great conquered the Greek-inhabited region of Ionia in 547 BC. The Gulf War. What was one reason Persia attacked Greece? In the Greco-Persian wars from 499 BC-449 BC this colossal empire lost due to superior Greek military capabilities residing in the exceptional Greek generals and professional troop contingents. Subsequently, the Persians suffered many defeats at the hands of the Greeks, led by the Athenians. The leadership showed by men such as Themistocles and Leonidas had a significant impact in the victory for the Greeks. Thucydides describes Themistocles as a man who showed an ‘unmistakable natural genius’. The Persian Empire was the largest and most powerful empire in the world at the time of the Persian Wars. Such were the Greco-Persian Wars, often simply called the Persian Wars. They changed meaning of it. The battle finished a Persian victory but at a cost of 20,000 men to the Greek 1,000 or so. The solution of the clash between the East and the West was to create the entire future for the region. It was one of those times when a few Greek city/states joined together and defeated the invasion force of the massive Persian Empire. Greeks who fought during the Persian wars were mostly farmers, who, at the last minute had to make their own armour or wear used armour. After his death, Xerxes, his son, planned the second war and gathered an enormous navy and army. However, Sparta rejected calls from its allies to destroy Athens (perhaps out of respect for Athen’s role in the Persian Wars). ORDER THIS PAPER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH NURSING TERM PAPER HELP AND GET AN AMAZING DISCOUNT "Is this question part of your assignment? The Persian Wars were fought between the Greeks and Persians over two thousand years ago. 900 seconds . His early life reflects the character and skills developed that were responsible for these contributions. note Moreover, in their historical writings, the Greek authors make it clear that the Persians are a mere bunch of decadent, effeminate barbarians , natural slaves that could be ignored in the history of mankind. Persia wanted farmland. The average soldier was very lightly armored in so that they could move rapidly. The Greeks were able to win the Greco-Persian War because of their naval victories over the Persians, a few key strategic victories on land, as well as the cause for which they were fighting. The Persians managed to finally repel the second Persian invasion and thus set … Yes it was a total Victory for the Greeks. Few periods are better documented than this episode of the Greek past, certainly for research on such questions. Athenian democracy ensured that talented individuals rose to positions of power and influence such as Miltiades and Themistocles. contribution the key factor in bringing about a Greek victory in the Persian Wars, 480-479 BC?To a very large extent Themistocles did play the key role in bringing about a Greek victory against the Persians in 480-479BC. The name Iran derives from the word “Asyran,” and during the first half of the first millennium, the Iranian-speaking people moved gradually into the area of the Zagros Mountains, the largest groups known as the Medes and Persians. The reasons for the Greek victory against the Persians in 490 to 480/479 BC was a mixture of exceptional leadership, skilful tactics and strategy, superior weapons and soldiers, and Greek unity. Thucydides describes Themistocles as a man who showed an ‘unmistakable natural genius’. According to Herodotus Miltiades was the architect of several Greek strategies that achieved victory at Marathon. *** Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. By using Sun Tzu’s classic text to analyze the, Xerxes was a man of power. It is important to understand the reasons for the Persians insistent invasion of the Greeks and the vigilant campaign to take over Athens. Before departing, the ghost of Darius prophesies another Persian defeat at the Battle of Plataea (479 BCE). Such factors include unity, leadership, strategy, tactics and the pre-eminence of the Greek soldier. But it was the Persian financing of the Pelopponesean war--it supported Sparta against Athens--that led to the defeat of Athens and the ending of the height of Athenian civ. The next vital engagement was going to be at sea.In September 480 BCE at Salamis in the Saronic Gulf, the Greeks once more faced a larger enemy force. Another reason is that the impressive Greek collection of literary, scientific and other texts has survived, whereas there is no such collection from Persia. Strong leadership was the most important aspect of the Greek defence, as without the intelligence and bravery of the leaders, the Greeks would have been easily defeated. strong central leadership. At the beginning of the 5th century BC, the Persian Empire extended This first invasion ended ruler Darius I's endeavor to subjugate Greece. Persia wanted Greek culture. Themistocles realized the consistent threat of the Persians and that they would... ...antiquity and covered over 6 million square kms from the Caspian Sea in the north to the Indian ocean in the south from Egypt in the west to the Indus River in the east. However it was Themistocles that persuaded the war council to fight at Salamis. answer choices . While the first invasion had been repelled by the Greek hoplite forces, the coming wave was much too large to be beaten on land. This made the defensible position at the Isthmus more favourable as the other northern city states were sure to fall as well and many Peloponnesian city states were reluctant to send troops north to defend cities that were not their own and vulnerable to the Persians massive infantry. 5, Section 3 The Spartan victors stripped Athenians of their naval fleet and empire. Herodotus tells us that opinion among the Athenian commanders was divided with some opposed to attacking with their heavily outnumbered force. The leadership showed by men such as Themistocles and Leonidas had a significant impact in the victory for the Greeks. One has to recall what H. R. Immerwahr wrote forty years ago in his review of Hignett’s Xerxes Invasion of Greece, Oxford 1962: “In the present state of the Herodotean studies, it would perhaps be best to leave in abeyance the question of what actually happened in the Persian Wars, and to focus instead on the ancient traditions themselves” (Gnomon 39, 1967, pp. According the author of The Greek and Persian Wars 499-386 BC by Philip de Souza, The Persians were part of a group of ancient peoples who spoke languages similar to modern Iranian (Souza, Pg. It was the invasion of Greece from 480 BC to 479 BC; King Xerxes I, of Persia, was determined to conquer Greece during the Greco-Persian Wars; he had an army of over 100,000 men. In fact, the impact of military factors has changed the course of history not only in the short term, but in the long term as well. Ancient historians such as Aeschylus in his play ‘The Persians’ and Herodotus attribute the Greek victory to the so called ‘hubris’ or extreme confidence and arrogance showed by Xerxes. Herodotus, the world’s first historian, who describes the expansion of the Achaemenid Empire under the power of its kings Cyrus the Great, Cambyses, and Darius the Great, in his book “The Histories” says, “Darius the Great had begged his god to grant him the punishment of the Athenians.” Due to interfere of Greeks in Ionian war with Persian Empire, the Persian army invaded mainland Greece to gain revenge for the Athenian’s aid to the Ionians. THE PERSIAN WARS *reasons for Greek victory and Persian defeat The reasons for Greek victory and Persian defeat. Victory of Greece in the Greco-Persian Wars The Ancient Greek city-states of the 5th century BCE took on one of the most powerful and dangerous empires of the ancient world in a struggle to maintain independence from the Persians. Formation of soldiers carrying shields close together for defense; any very close group of people. This had severe ramifications for the Persian forces and, Alfred Wegener: Theory of Continental Drift, The Government and Fiscal Policy Sample Questions. 5, Section 3 The Spartan victors stripped Athenians of their naval fleet and empire. However, this really wasn’t the case. There are times in history that something will happen and it will defy all logic. better strategy. Q. It was he who realized that the Persian threat was imminent and catastrophic, and it was his radical advancement of Athenian sea power which allowed the Greeks to achieve victory over the Persians. Phalanx. Their strategy was largely successful, an… As they took on a new approach ten years later, the second Persian war unraveled. Greece was not a united nation at that time and Athens did not practice full direct Democracy until after the war. The reasons for the Greek victory against the Persians in 490 to 480/479 BC was a mixture of exceptional leadership, skilful tactics and strategy, superior weapons and soldiers, and Greek unity. The Conflict among the Greeks and the Persians all began when Athens and Eretria made the fatal mistake of embroiling themselves in the ‘Ionian Revolt’. While it was suitable for stopping arrows,... ...the Persian Empire, ruled by Cyrus the Great, was a major threat to the states of Greece. He sprinted 26.2 miles to Athens — “Rejoice, we conquer,” he gasped and then died! The Persian War showed the superiority of the hoplite phalanx over the Persian type of fighting. The average Persian soldier wore very little in the way of armor preferring mobility over protection. Such factors include unity, leadership, strategy, tactics and the pre-eminence of the Greek soldier. 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